"Artem is a big part of our team and we're very pleased to sign him to this extension," said Blue Jackets GM Jarmo Kekalainen. "He's an extremely dependable two-way center with a dynamic skill set and we think he will be a key contributor to our club in the coming years."
Anisimov, 25, recorded 11 goals and seven assists for 18 points in 35 games last season, his first with the Blue Jackets.
He led the team in even-strength goals (10), shootout goals (4) and shooting percentage (16.2), while ranking third in faceoff wins (249) and blocked shots by a forward (24-tied).
Acquired by Columbus in a trade with the New York Rangers last summer, Anisimov was originally selected by New York in the second round, 54th overall, at the 2006 NHL Draft.